Wednesday, August 10, 2005

The Connecticut Constitution

I assume most Connecticut Officials don't care what is in the text below:


The people of the State of Connecticut acknowledging with
gratitude, the good providence of God, in having permitted
them to enjoy a free government; do, in order more effect-
ually to define, secure, and perpetuate the liberties,
rights and privileges which they have derived from their
ancestors; hereby, after a careful consideration and
revision, ordain and establish the following constitution
and form of civil government.



That the great and essential principles of liberty and free
government may be recognized and established.


Sec. 1. All men when they form a social compact, are equal in
rights; and no man or set of men are entitled to exclusive
public emoluments or privileges from the community.

Sec. 2. All political power is inherent in the people, and all free
governments are founded on their authority, and instituted
for their benefit; and they have at all times an undeniable
and indefeasible right to alter their form of government in
such manner as they may think expedient.

Sec. 3. The exercise and enjoyment of religious profession and
worship, without discrimination, shall forever be free to
all persons in the state; provided, that the right hereby
declared and established, shall not be so construed as to
excuse acts of licentiousness, or to justify practices
inconsistent with the peace and safety of the state.

Sec. 4. Every citizen may freely speak, write and publish his senti-
ments on all subjects, being responsible for the abuse of
that liberty. (NOTE: formerly Sec. 5. Sec. 4. read, "No
preference shall be given by law to any Christian sect or
mode of worship)

Sec. 6. In all prosecutions or indictments for libels, the truth may
be given in evidence, and the jury shall have the right to
determine the law and the facts, under the direction of the

Sec. 7. The people shall be secure in their persons, houses, papers
and possessions from unreasonable searches or seizures; and
no warrant to search any place, or to seize any person or
things, shall issue without describing them as nearly as may
be, nor without probable cause supported by oath or

Sec. 8. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall have a right
to be heard by himself and by counsel; to be informed of the
nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted by the
witnesses against him; to have compulsory process to obtain
witnesses in his behalf; to be released on bail upon suffic-
ient security, except in capital offences, where the proof
is evident or the presumption great; and in all prosecutions
by indictment or information, to a speedy public trial by an
impartial jury. No person shall be compelled to give evi-
dence against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty or
property without due process of law, nor shall excessive
bail be required nor excessive fines imposed. No person
shall be held to answer for any crime, punishable by death
or life imprisonment, unless on a presentment or an indict-
ment of a grand jury, except in the armed forces, or in the
militia when in actual service in time of war or public

Sec. 9. No person shall be arrested, detained or punished, except in
cases clearly warranted by law.

Sec. 10. All courts shall be open, and every person, for an injury
done to him in his person, property or reputation, shall
have remedy by due course of law, and right and justice
administered without sale, denial or delay.

Sec. 11. The property of no person shall be taken for public use
without just compensation therefor.

Sec. 12. The privileges of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be
suspended, unless, when in case of rebellion or invasion,
the public safety may require it; nor in any case, but by
the legislature.

Sec. 13. No person shall be attainted of treason or felony, by the

Sec. 14. The citizens have a right, in a peaceable manner, to assem-
ble for their common good, and to apply to those invested
with the powers of government, for redress of grievances, or
other proper purposes, by petition, address or remonstrance.

Sec. 15. Every citizen has a right to bear arms in defense of himself
and the state.

Sec. 16. The military shall, in all cases, and at all times, be in
strict subordination to the civil power.

Sec. 17. No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any
house, without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war,
but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Sec. 18. No hereditary emoluments, privileges or honors, shall ever
be granted, or conferred in this state.

Sec. 19. The right of trial by jury shall remain inviolate.

Sec. 20. No person shall be denied the equal protection of the law
nor be subjected to segregation or discrimination in the
exercise or enjoyment of his civil or political rights
because of religion, race, color, ancestry or national


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